Russia warms to controversial TUEs after doping scandals

Russia warms to controversial TUEs after doping scandals

MOSCOW (AP) After years of using hacked data to vilify Western

athletes as cheats who bend the rules to take banned substances,

Russia is warming to a controversial part of the anti-doping system.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said in 2017 that the country's

rivals were using Therapeutic Use Exemptions to game the system.

The exemptions allow athletes to treat medical conditions with

substances that would otherwise be banned.

If they were really ill, Putin said, ''maybe they should enter the

Paralympics.''

Late last month, though, Putin gave a high-profile speaking slot at

a meeting of his Fitness and Sports Council to a veteran gymnastics

official who urged Russians to apply for more TUEs.

''We must use this opportunity on a legal basis,'' Irina

Viner-Usmanova told the televised meeting, calling on the sports

ministry and the government's Federal Medical-Biological Agency to

help.

Russia's years of doping scandals, she said, had taught Russia to

use legitimate avenues properly.

''This experience let us be more attentive and law-abiding when

taking medical products,'' Viner-Usmanova said.

Statistics show TUEs are in demand as Russia returns to sports

following bans, like from last year's Winter Olympics.

The Russian anti-doping agency, known as RUSADA, received a record

101 TUE applications last year, and is on track to breeze past that

number this year. After years when doping was widespread in Russian

sport, the agency hails the rise as the result of better education

and legitimate sports medicine.

Despite the rise in applications, RUSADA says athletes and team

doctors struggle to understand the system. Only 22 applications

were approved last year.

Officials from RUSADA and the UK Anti-Doping Agency, which handled

Russian TUEs until September, turned down applications which lacked

medical documents, or from athletes asking for medicines that

weren't actually banned.

RUSADA deputy CEO Margarita Pakhnotskaya argued that even the more

clueless applications at least indicate growing respect for the

rules. She said ''one or two'' filings seemed like an attempt to

cheat and were passed on to RUSADA's investigations unit.

While some Russian athletes may be getting TUEs direct from

international sports federations, RUSADA's numbers remain

relatively low by European standards. Not all agencies publish TUE

data, though Norway granted 85 applications and refused nine last

year, while German figures for 2017 show 72 approvals and seven

rejections.

In the high-stakes world of Olympic sports, athletes can risk a ban

for failing to declare some relatively common medications. Without

the TUE system, athletes who get injured or have longer-term

conditions like asthma might have to spend long periods on the

sidelines until medicines left their system completely, or risk

their health by going without treatment.

Russia's ire at Western athletes followed regular hacks by the

Fancy Bears group - which U.S. law enforcement said last year was a

cover for Russian military intelligence.

The Fancy Bears' website, which once promised ''sensational proof

of famous athletes taking doping substances,'' now bears a message

that it has been seized by the FBI. The Russian government denies

involvement in hacking.

The Fancy Bears published dozens of athletes' medical histories,

though no Russian TUEs. Stripped of their context - injuries or

illness - many applications were legitimate but looked suspicious.

One case in particular rocked the world of cycling. The leaked

documents revealed that Tour de France champion Bradley Wiggins

sought TUEs for injections of triamcinolone acetate before key

races in 2011, 2012 and 2013. He denied wrongdoing and was not

banned, but a series of high-profile investigations damaged his

reputation and that of Team Sky.

The TUE process still carries a stigma in Russia.

Russian biathlete Margarita Vasilyeva told state TV last month that

despite having asthma, she refused to get permission to use an

inhaler.

''It's not really honest, I think,'' said Vasilyeva, who faces

separate doping-related difficulties after being accused of failing

to make herself available for testing on three occasions.

Pakhnotskaya, whose job includes running educational seminars on

anti-doping across Russia, doesn't want athletes to dismiss TUEs

out of hand. After all, who knows when they might get ill?

''I don't think all Russian athletes or all Russian officials

should wake up and think how great TUE requests are,'' she said.

''But each one who has the right to get it should know the

procedure.''

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04-12-2019 01:19:11

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